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Knowledge, practice, and associated factors of preoperative patient teaching among surgical unit nurses, at Northwest Amhara Comprehensive Specialized Referral Hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia, 2022

BMC Nurs. 2023 Jan 21;22(1):20. doi: 10.1186/s12912-023-01175-2.


BACKGROUND: Preoperative teaching practice is very important to surgical clients in freeing them from anxiety and post-operative complications. The preoperative education received by the patients depends on the knowledge and experience of nurses. The diversity in the degree of knowledge and experience possessed by nurses may result in inadequate and ineffective preoperative preparation of patients. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the knowledge, practice, and associated factors of preoperative patient teaching among nurses working at surgical units in Northwest Amhara Comprehensive Specialized Referral Hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia, 2022.

METHOD: An institutional-based cross-sectional study triangulated with a qualitative approach was conducted from April to June 2022. The data were collected using a semi-structured self-administered questionnaire and in-depth interviews. The descriptive statistics were presented in text and tables. Analytical analysis schemes including bivariable and multivariable logistic regression were computed considering P-value < 0.05 to identify statistically significant factors. Qualitative data were analyzed with thematic analysis.

RESULT: A total of 406 participants were involved in this study with a 95.8% response rate. The adequate knowledge of nurses was 61.6% with 95% CI: (56.7, 66.3) and significantly associated with being male, nurse use of guidelines, nurses they have been trained, and nurses’ who say they do not a staff shortage had good knowledge than the counterparts. Good practice of nurses regarding preoperative patient education was 46.3% with 95% CI (41.4, 51.0) significantly associated with the presence of preoperative teaching guidelines, took training on patient education, nurses who said no staff shortage, and knowledge of preoperative patient education.. Nurses have a positive interaction with the patient and much work experience had good practice but lack of training; inadequate supplies and lack of professional prerequisites are some of the barriers identified.

CONCLUSION: Nurses’ knowledge and practice regarding preoperative patient teaching were found to be inadequate. So, it is better to strengthen training, adequate staffing, equip wards with standardized guidelines and teaching materials, motivate and create a safe working environment. Most nurses explore factors of preoperative patients’ teaching as institutional, Nurse’s related, and patient-related factors.

PMID:36681844 | DOI:10.1186/s12912-023-01175-2

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