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Outcomes of intravenous and inhalation anesthesia on patients undergoing esophageal cancer surgery: a retrospective observational study

BMC Anesthesiol. 2023 Mar 2;23(1):66. doi: 10.1186/s12871-023-02023-1.


BACKGROUND: Different anesthetics may have opposite effects on the immune system, thus affecting the prognosis of tumor patients. Cell-mediated immunity forms the primary defense against the invasion of tumor cells, so manipulation of the immune system to produce an enhanced anti-tumor response could be utilized as an adjuvant oncological therapy. Sevoflurane has proinflammatory effects, while propofol, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Therefore, we compared the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with esophageal cancer under total intravenous anesthesia and inhalation anesthesia.

METHODS: This study collected the electronic medical records of patients undergoing esophagectomy from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016. According to the intraoperative anesthetics, the patients were divided into total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) group or inhalational anesthesia (INHA) group. Stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting (SIPTW) was used to minimize differences. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was established to evaluate the correlation between different anesthesia methods in overall survival and disease-free survival of patients undergoing esophageal cancer surgery.

RESULTS: A total of 420 patients with elective esophageal cancer were collected, including 363 patients eligible for study (TIVA, n = 147, INHA, n = 216). After SIPTW there were no significant differences between two groups in overall survival and disease-free survival. However, the adjuvant therapy was statistically significant in improving OS, and the degree of differentiation was correlated with OS and DFS.

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, there were no significant difference in overall survival and disease-free survival between total intravenous anesthesia and inhalational anesthesia in patients undergoing esophageal cancer surgery.

PMID:36864402 | DOI:10.1186/s12871-023-02023-1

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