Nevin Manimala Statistics

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of community acquired-acute kidney injury

Int Urol Nephrol. 2023 Mar 9. doi: 10.1007/s11255-023-03533-0. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Published works have reported the impact of a nephrologist intervention on outcomes for patients with hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (HA-AKI), however little is known about the clinical characteristics of patients with community-acquired acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) and the impact of nephrology interventions on outcomes in these patients.

METHODS: A retrospective study on all adult patients admitted to a large tertiary care hospital in 2019 who were identified to have CA-AKI were followed from hospital admission to discharge. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of these patients were analysed by receipt of nephrology consultation. Statistical analysis included descriptive, simple Chi-squared/Fischer Exact test, independent samples t-test/Mann-Whitney U test and logistic regression.

RESULTS: 182 patients fulfilled the study inclusion criteria. Mean age was 75 ± 14 years, 41% were female, 64% had stage 1 AKI on admission, 35% received nephrology input and 52% had achieved recovery of kidney function by discharge. Higher admission and discharge serum creatinine (SCr) (290.5 vs 159 and 173 vs 109 µmol/L respectively, p = < 0.001), and younger age (68 vs 79, p = < 0.001) were associated with nephrology consultations, whilst length of hospitalisation, mortality and rehospitalisation rates were not significantly different between the two groups. At least 65% were recorded to be on at least one nephrotoxic medication.

CONCLUSION: Our findings provide a snapshot of current practice where close to two-thirds of hospitalised patients with CA-AKI had a mild form of AKI that was associated with good clinical outcomes. While higher SCr on admission and younger age were predictors of receiving a nephrology consultation, nephrology consultations did not have any impact on outcomes.

PMID:36892813 | DOI:10.1007/s11255-023-03533-0

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