J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2023 Mar 9. doi: 10.1007/s40615-023-01556-y. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Medical researchers have historically utilized the variable of race uncritically, rarely defining race, rarely acknowledging it as a social construct, and often omitting information about how it was measured. In this study, we use the following definition of race: “a system of structuring opportunity and assigning value based on the social interpretation of how one looks.” We examine the influence of racial misclassification, racial discrimination, and racial consciousness on the self-rated health of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders (NHPI) living in the United States of America (USA).
METHODS: Our analysis used online survey data from a subgroup of NHPI adults living in the USA (n = 252) who were oversampled as part of a larger study of US adults (N = 2022). Respondents were recruited between September 7, 2021 and October 3, 2021, from an online opt-in panel of individuals across the USA. Statistical analyses include weighted and unweighted descriptive statistics for the sample, as well as a weighted logistic regression for poor/fair self-rated health.
RESULTS: Odds of poor/fair self-rated health were greater for women (OR = 2.72; 95% CI [1.19, 6.21]) and those who experienced racial misclassification (OR = 2.90; 95% CI [1.20, 7.05]). No other sociodemographic, healthcare, or race-related variables were significantly associated with self-rated health in the fully adjusted results.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that racial misclassification may be an important correlate of self-rated health among NHPI adults in the US context.
PMID:36892814 | DOI:10.1007/s40615-023-01556-y