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End-Of-Life Care Planning and Bereavement Practices Among Adult Day Services Centers, 2018

Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2023 Mar 10:10499091231163269. doi: 10.1177/10499091231163269. Online ahead of print.


Introduction: This study describes the end-of-life (EOL) care planning and bereavement practices among adult day services centers (ADSC) when an ADSC participant is dying or has died. Methods: Data are from the 2018 National Study of Long-term Care Providers’ biennial survey of ADSCs. Respondents were asked about the following 4 practices: 1) honoring the deceased in some public way in this center; 2) offering bereavement services to staff and participants; 3) documenting in the care plan what is important to the individual at the end of life (EOL), such as the presence of family or religious or cultural practices; and 4) discussing spiritual needs at care planning conferences. ADSC characteristics included US Census region, metropolitan statistical area status, Medicaid authorization, electronic health records (EHR) use, for-profit status, employment of aides, services provision, and model type. Results: About 50% to 30% of ADSCs offered the EOL care planning or bereavement services. Honoring the deceased was the most common practice (53%), followed by bereavement services (37%), discussing spiritual needs (29%), and documenting what is important at EOL (28%). Fewer ADSCs in the West had EOL practices relative to the other regions. The EOL planning and bereavement practices were offered more often in ADSCs that used EHRs, accepted Medicaid, employed an aide, provided nursing, hospice, and palliative care services, and were categorized as medical models, compared with ADSCs without these characteristics. Conclusion: These results highlight the importance of understanding how ADSCs provide EOL and bereavement care to participants who are near EOL.

PMID:36898004 | DOI:10.1177/10499091231163269

By Nevin Manimala

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