J Phys Chem B. 2023 Mar 10. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.2c08915. Online ahead of print.
The carbonyl stretching modes have been widely used in linear and two-dimensional infrared (IR) spectroscopy to probe the conformation, interaction, and biological functions of nucleic acids. However, due to their universal appearance in nucleobases, the IR absorption bands of nucleic acids are often highly congested in the 1600-1800 cm-1 region. Following the fruitful applications in proteins, 13C isotope labels have been introduced to the IR measurements of oligonucleotides to reveal their site-specific structural fluctuations and hydrogen bonding conditions. In this work, we combine recently developed frequency and coupling maps to develop a theoretical strategy that models the IR spectra of oligonucleotides with 13C labels directly from molecular dynamics simulations. We apply the theoretical method to nucleoside 5′-monophosphates and DNA double helices and demonstrate how elements of the vibrational Hamiltonian determine the spectral features and their changes upon isotope labeling. Using the double helices as examples, we show that the calculated IR spectra are in good agreement with experiments and the 13C isotope labeling technique can potentially be applied to characterize the stacking configurations and secondary structures of nucleic acids.
PMID:36898003 | DOI:10.1021/acs.jpcb.2c08915