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Comparison of transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic TAPP versus conventional laparoscopic TAPP in the elderly: A retrospective analysis

Asian J Surg. 2023 Mar 11:S1015-9584(23)00301-9. doi: 10.1016/j.asjsur.2023.03.009. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: To analyze and compare the clinical efficacy of transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic surgery TAPP(SILS-TAPP) and conventional laparoscopic TAPP(CL-TAPP) in the treatment of senile inguinal hernia.

METHODS: From January 2019 to June 2021, a total of 221 elderly patients (≥60 years old) with inguinal hernia received SILS-TAPP and CL-TAPP in General Surgery Department of Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University. The perioperative indicators, postoperative complications and follow-up of the two groups were compared to explore the feasibility and superiority of SILS-TAPP in the treatment of inguinal hernia in the elderly.

RESULTS: There was no difference in demographic characteristics between the two groups. The mean operation time (28.6 ± 4.2 min vs 28.2 ± 5.3 min) in the SILS-TAPP group was not significantly different from that in the CL-TAPP group (Ρ = 0.623), and there was no significant increase in hospital costs(Ρ = 0.748). The intraoperative blood loss (7.4 ± 3.4 ml), VAS score on the postoperative day (2.2 ± 0.7), mean time of resuming activity (8.2 ± 1.9 h) and mean postoperative hospital stay (0.8 ± 0.2 d) in the SILS-TAPP group were better than those in the CL-TAPP group (Ρ < 0. 05).There was no statistical difference in the overall incidence of intraoperative (Ρ = 0.128) and postoperative complications (Ρ = 0.125) between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery TAPP (SILS-TAPP) is feasible and effective in elderly patients, providing a new alternative surgical method for patients who can tolerate general anesthesia.

PMID:36914474 | DOI:10.1016/j.asjsur.2023.03.009

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