Medicine (Baltimore). 2023 Mar 17;102(11):e33310. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000033310.
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) can induce wound healing by increasing tissue microcirculation. However, studies on the effect of ESWT on enhancing tissue microcirculation in diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), particularly on when the microcirculation increases after ESWT application, are still lacking. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effectiveness of ESWT in promoting microcirculation in DFU patients in a time-dependent manner. We included 50 feet of 25 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and Wagner grade I to II DFU in this study. The affected feet were used as the ESWT group and the unaffected contralateral feet were used as the control group. ESWT was performed in 3 sessions per week for a total of 3 weeks. Transcutaneous partial oxygen pressure (TcPO2) was used to evaluate the tissue microcirculation. The TcPO2 level (>43 mm Hg) in the ESWT group was recovered by the 2nd week of treatment, and statistical significance (P < .05) was demonstrated at the same time. From the 2nd week of ESWT, a significant increase in TcPO2 was observed in Wagner grade I and II DFU. These findings imply that the ESWT may improve microcirculation in patients with Wagner grades I to II DFU. However, this impact requires at least 2 weeks or more than 6 sessions. For better comparison, further studies with larger clinical groups and extended period are needed.