Nevin Manimala Statistics

Associations between intraindividual reaction time variability and prospective memory performance in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls

Cogn Neuropsychiatry. 2023 Sep 4:1-9. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2023.2255344. Online ahead of print.


Introduction: Patients with schizophrenia exhibit prospective memory (PM) impairment. Intraindividual reaction time variability (IIRTV) is an index of attentional control that is required for PM. This study examined the differences in IIRTV between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls and the relationship between IIRTV and PM performance.Method: Thirty-nine patients with schizophrenia and forty-two healthy controls were recruited to complete a PM task and the Sustained Attention to Response Task. IIRTV was calculated as the coefficient of variation (mean/SD) of reaction time over correctly responded trials in these tasks.Results: Patients with schizophrenia showed lower PM accuracy and increased IIRTV, while the associations between PM accuracy and IIRTV were significant in healthy controls but not in patients with schizophrenia.Conclusion: These findings suggest impaired PM and relationship between PM and attentional control in patients with schizophrenia.

PMID:37665566 | DOI:10.1080/13546805.2023.2255344

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