J Addict Dis. 2023 Sep 4:1-6. doi: 10.1080/10550887.2023.2251856. Online ahead of print.
Introduction: Studies suggest that a large proportion of patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) also have underlying chronic pain. There is limited data on prevalence of chronic pain treatment as a component of residential substance use treatment. This initiative sought to investigate the prevalence and type of chronic pain services offered at these residential programs.Methods: This study was a retrospective review of information obtained from residential substance use treatment facility websites contained in SAMHSA’s treatment navigator. Nine hundred-fifty out of 2952 websites were randomly selected for analysis. The primary outcome was prevalence of facilities that had chronic pain programs. Services offered were specified as available. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize data.Results: Nine-hundred nine websites (95.7%, [94,97]) were accessible. Twenty-six facilities (2.9%,[1.9,4.2]) had a chronic pain program and of these 22 (84.6%, [64.3,95.0]) specified services offered. Common services included physical therapy (6, 27.3%), massage (12, 54.6%), and acupuncture (10, 45.5%). Of the remaining sites, 630 (69.3%, [66.2,72.3]) specified services offered, including yoga (122, 19.4%) and exercise (199, 31.6%).Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that despite most facilities offering adjunctive services, few had chronic pain programs. This suggests that there is a possible need for better updating of facility websites or possibly an area for improvement in residential substance use treatment settings.