Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg. 2023 Jul 27;31(3):367-373. doi: 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2023.24088. eCollection 2023 Jul.
BACKGROUND: This study aims to systematically examine the cardiopulmonary functions in children with pectus excavatum and to compare the obtained findings with the Haller Index.
METHODS: Between September 2017 and June 2018, medical records of a total of 31 patients (27 males, 4 females; mean age: 14.8±2.0 years; range, 9 to 18 years) with pectus excavatum were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into Group 1 (<2.5), Group 2 (2.5 to 3.19), and Group 3 (>3.2) according to the Haller Index. All groups were systematically evaluated based on pulmonary function tests and echocardiography. Forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, and the forced expiratory volume in 1 second/ forced vital capacity ratio were calculated. Left ventricular enddiastolic diameter, ejection fraction, mitral valve prolapses, and right ventricular cavity in the apical four-chamber position were evaluated with echocardiography.
RESULTS: Of the patients, 19.4% were in Group 1, 38.7% in Group 2, and 41.9% in Group 3. The mean Haller Index value was 3.09±0.64. According to pulmonary function test results, 16.1% of the patients had restrictive disease and 6.5% had obstructive disease. There was a negative correlation between the index and forced expiratory volume in 1 second and forced vital capacity, and there was a statistically significant decrease in these values, as the Haller Index increased (p<0.017). There was a significant difference in the ejection fraction among the groups (p<0.001) and, as the Haller Index increased, ejection fraction statistically significantly decreased.
CONCLUSION: Our study results show a negative correlation between the severity of pectus excavatum and pulmonary dysfunction and, as the severity increases, left ventricular function may be affected by the deformity. As a result, there seems to be a significant relationship between the severity of the deformity and cardiopulmonary functions.