Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg. 2023 Jul 27;31(3):381-387. doi: 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2023.24329. eCollection 2023 Jul.
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate overall survival, diseasefree survival, and prognostic factors in patients undergoing pleurectomy-decortication and hyperthermic intrathoracic chemotherapy with the diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma.
METHODS: Between January 2020 and November 2021, a total of 53 patients (27 males, 26 females; mean age: 58.1±1.3 years; range, 39 to 81 years) who underwent pleurectomy-decortication and hyperthermic intrathoracic chemotherapy with the diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma were retrospectively analyzed. Data including characteristics, comorbidities, postoperative complications, recurrence and mortality status of the patients were recorded. Overall survival and disease-free survival and prognostic factors were evaluated.
RESULTS: The median disease-free survival was 11.67 months and the median overall survival was 24.60 months. The median disease-free survival was 8.80 months in men and 13.17 months in women, indicating a statistically significant difference as it showed that recurrence was detected earlier in male patients (p=0.037). The median disease-free survival and overall survival was 6.13 months and 11.70 in cases diagnosed with biphasic mesothelioma, respectively, while it was 11.67 months and 25.46 months in cases with epithelial mesothelioma, respectively. Pathological subtype was found to be an effective prognostic factor for both survival (p=0.049 and p<0.001, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Hyperthermic intrathoracic chemotherapy following cytoreductive surgery is a preferable and tolerable method in the treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma. While evaluating surgical indications, it should be kept in mind that cases with epithelial mesothelioma may benefit more from surgical treatment.