Nevin Manimala Statistics

Concordance of in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy and horizontal-sectioning histology in skin tumours

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2023 Sep 5. doi: 10.1111/jdv.19491. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) enables the study of architectural and cytological aspects in horizontal sections, which closely correlate with histologic features. However, traditional histopathological vertical sections cannot totally reproduce the image of in vivo RCM horizontal section.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the concordance between in vivo RCM and histopathologic transverse sections for melanocytic lesions, basal cell carcinoma, and seborrheic keratoses.

METHODS: Prospectively collected benign melanocytic and non-melanocytic tumours diagnosed by dermoscopy were evaluated for common RCM features and compared to histopathology in horizontal sections with haematoxylin and eosin staining.

RESULTS: A total of 44 skin tumours including 19 melanocytic lesions (9 compound, 5 junctional and 5 intradermal nevi), 12 basal cell carcinomas and 13 seborrheic keratoses were collected in the Department of Dermatology of Hospital Clinic of Barcelona. The RCM features that had statistically significant agreement with the histopathological horizontal sections were the preserved and visible honeycomb pattern, well-defined DEJ, small bright particles, dermal nests, tumour islands and dark silhouettes, clefting, collagen bundles, thickened collagen bundles and cytologic atypia.

CONCLUSIONS: Histopathology evaluation of horizontal sections of skin tumours can be correlated with main RCM findings. The results of this study have improved the understanding and interpretation of RCM features in relation to skin tumours, thus reinforcing the utility of RCM as a diagnostic tool.

PMID:37669864 | DOI:10.1111/jdv.19491

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