J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2023 Sep 5. doi: 10.1111/jdv.19494. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: There is limited data about the clinical meaningfulness of the Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) and Patient-Oriented SCORAD (PO-SCORAD), particularly in children with mild-to-moderate AD. Regular use of patient-reported outcomes, may deliver more accurate information about the overall health status of AD patients than routine but sparse physician assessments.
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the correlation between SCORAD, PO-SCORAD, Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM) and Investigator’s Global Assessment (IGA). To evaluate the interpretability and clinical usefulness of the SCORAD and PO-SCORAD scores in children.
METHODS: Data were drawn from a 12-week randomized controlled trial in 335 children, aged 2-6 years, with mainly mild-to-moderate AD. Investigators captured SCORAD and IGA at each study visit. Parents used PO-SCORAD twice-weekly, and POEM once-weekly.
RESULTS: There were strong correlations between PO-SCORAD and SCORAD (r=0.874), PO-SCORAD and POEM (0.734), and PO-SCORAD and IGA (0.613). The best fit (‘k’ statistic: 0.68) between SCORAD and IGA classes was noted for the following SCORAD categories: <12 (clear/almost clear); 12-25 (mild); and ≥25 (moderate/severe). PO-SCORAD area under the curve over 8 weeks was significantly greater than that of SCORAD (P=0.0002), giving a better estimate of disease severity between visits. Patients with a flare within the next 7 days had significantly higher PO-SCORAD scores 7 days before the flare (P<0.0001). Moderate erythema was the most significant flare predictor (P<0.0001).
CONCLUSION: PO-SCORAD is robust and reliable and appears to warrant far greater utility in routine clinical practice than other scores. PO-SCORAD, used twice-weekly, may improve the management of patients with AD.