J Pediatr Nurs. 2023 Sep 6;73:130-136. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2023.09.001. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore relationships among psychological safety, the principles of high reliability, and safety reporting intentions in pediatric nursing. Patient safety events are underreported and costly. To promote reporting, many healthcare organizations have adopted the high reliability framework with strategies to foster team psychological safety.
DESIGN: A web-based survey was distributed through the Society of Pediatric Nurses and the National Pediatric Nurse Scientist Collaborative. Data were collected from 244 pediatric nurses using a demographic form, Safety Organizing Scale, Team Psychological Safety Scale, and Intention to Report Safety Events Scale. Data were analyzed using logistic and linear regression.
RESULTS: Psychological safety and perception of working in a high reliability organization (HRO) showed positive statistically significant relationships with reporting intentions (p = 0.034). Odds of nurses achieving highest reporting intention scores increased by a factor of 0.3 with each practice year.
CONCLUSIONS: Psychological safety was found to be a predictor for intention to report safety events among pediatric nurses. Findings also demonstrated that nurses’ perceptions of whether they worked in a high reliability setting also profoundly affect their attitude towards reporting.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Focusing organizational efforts on cultivating psychological safety and embedding the high reliability framework into professional practice may significantly affect attitudes towards safety event reporting.