Aesthet Surg J. 2023 Sep 14:sjad297. doi: 10.1093/asj/sjad297. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of obesity increases, the number of patients seeing body contouring procedures after bariatric surgery for massive weight loss (MWL) is increasing. While the positive impact of bariatric surgery on physical and emotional health is well-described, few studies have investigated psychosocial well-being of patients undergoing body contouring procedures. Psychosocial well-being can impact patient satisfaction and maintenance of weight loss, and is an important area to study.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize social and psychiatric factors of patients undergoing body contouring surgery, and to evaluate their impact on maintenance of weight loss.
METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients who presented to a single institution for body contouring procedures between 2002 and 2018. Demographic details, medical history, psychosocial support, and operative details were collected. Univariate analysis and multinomial logistic regressions were performed using R statistical software (Version 1.3.1093).
RESULTS: A total of 1,187 patients underwent at least one body contouring procedure during the study timeframe. Mean BMI at presentation was 31.21 ± 10.49 kg/m2. Patients diagnosed with obesity at age 18 or older had a significantly greater odds of suffering from Generalized Anxiety Disorder (OR: 1.08, 95% CI: [1.02, 1.15], p= 0.008). Patients with spousal support had 1.93 times higher odds of having maintained post-bariatric weight loss at their 6-month follow up (OR: 1.93, 95% CI: [1.84, 2.01], p= 0.028).
CONCLUSIONS: Social support and age of obesity diagnosis impact psychological well-being and maintenance of weight loss following body contouring procedures.