Nevin Manimala Statistics

Hydrochemical Characteristics and Controlling Factors in Wudu River Basin of Guizhou Province

Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2023 Oct 8;44(10):5498-5510. doi: 10.13227/j.hjkx.202211122.


TheWudu River is a typical mining-type watershed in the karst mountainous area of western Guizhou Province. Based on the collection of the main stream, tributaries, spring water, and mine water samples in Wudu River Basin, the hydrochemical characteristics and control factors of Wudu River Basin were studied using Gibbs diagram, Piper diagram, and mathematical statistics analysis, and the solute contribution rate of different sources was calculated. The results revealed that the pH value of the water in the Wudu River Basin ranged from 7.87 to 8.52, with an average of 8.14. The TDS values ranged from 135 to 243 mg·L-1, with an average of 191.7 mg·L-1. The major cations in natural river and spring water were Ca2+ and Mg2+, the major anion was HCO3, and the hydrochemical type was HCO3-Ca. However, owing to the influence of mining activities, the major cations in some tributaries were Ca2+ and Na+, and the hydrochemical types transitioned to HCO3·SO4-Ca and HCO3·SO4-Ca·Na. The ion components of river water in Wudu River Basin were affected by mine water discharge and cation exchange, carbonate rock weathering, silicate rock weathering, and agricultural fertilization. The high concentration of SO42- and Na+in mine water was the primary source of SO42- and Na+in the tributaries of the Wudu River. The method for calculating chemical material balance showed that the contribution rate of carbonate rock weathering ranged from 44.12% to 86.92%, with an average of 74.32%. The contribution rate of mining activities ranged from 3.28% to 37.07%, with an average of 11.61%. Carbonate rock weathering was the main controlling factor of hydrochemical components in the Wudu River Basin; meanwhile, mining activities also had a certain impact on river water chemistry but they showed spatial heterogeneity. The average contribution rates of atmospheric precipitation, silicate rock weathering, agricultural activities, and domestic sewage were 3.75%, 4.67%, 2.85%, and 2.81%, respectively, which had a limited impact on the hydrochemical components of the basin.

PMID:37827767 | DOI:10.13227/j.hjkx.202211122

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala