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Reconstruction of orbital walls after resection of cranioorbital meningiomas: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Neurosurg Rev. 2023 Oct 13;46(1):268. doi: 10.1007/s10143-023-02178-y.


Following meningioma removal, there are numerous methods available for reconstructing the orbital wall. This systematic review seeks to summarize the published data on the surgical treatment of cranioorbital meningiomas, and to analyze the effectiveness and safety of various techniques and materials used for the reconstruction of bony orbital walls. We conducted a search of the two databases and included original articles with a series of 10 or more cases. Descriptive statistics and meta-analysis of individual patient date were performed. The analysis included a total of 858 patients from 29 sources. No reconstruction of the orbital walls was performed in 525 patients (61.2%), while 333 observations (38.8%) involved resection followed by reconstruction. A relative improvement in eye position was achieved in 94.4% of cases with a 95% CI of (88.92%; 97.25%). However, normalization of eye position, regardless of reconstruction technique, was only present in 6.22% of cases with a 95% CI of (1.24%; 25.9%). The best results were observed with the use of autologous bone implants (64%, 95% CI [33.35%; 86.33%]) and titanium implants (55.78%, 95% CI [2.86%; 98.18%]). In cases of endoscopic resection and microsurgical resection without reconstruction, symmetrical eye position accounted for only 1.94% (95% CI [0%; 96.71%]) and 2.35% (95% CI [0.13%; 31.23%]), respectively. The frequency of normalization of eye position differed significantly (p < 0.01) among the subgroups. A total of 49 postoperative complications were registered, with wound infection (1.52%, 95% CI [0.86%; 2.65%]) and wound cerebrospinal fluid leak (1.32%, 95% CI [0.6%; 2.91%]) being the most frequent. No significant differences were found in the rates of complications among the different subgroups. One of the primary objectives of cranioorbital meningioma surgery is to correct the position of the eye. Simultaneous reconstruction of the bony orbital leads to better cosmetic outcomes. Postoperative complications did not depend on the reconstructive technique or the materials.

PMID:37831295 | DOI:10.1007/s10143-023-02178-y

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