Clin Lab. 2023 Oct 1;69(10). doi: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2023.230512.
BACKGROUND: The Helicobacter pylori eradication rate with standard triple therapy (STT) is continuously decreasing due to clarithromycin resistance. This study aimed to investigate the eradication rate of empirical and tailored therapy and explore various factors affecting this eradication rate using clarithromycin resistance test data for the last 4 years at a single institution in Daegu.
METHODS: From August 2018 to July 2021, a total of 1,395 patients diagnosed with H. pylori infection based on rapid urea testing and histology at Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital were retrospectively examined. Participants were classified into the empirical and tailored therapy groups according to the results of the clarithromycin resistance test using the polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS: The overall eradication rate of empirical STT was 72.8%, and the eradication rate by year was 71.6% in 2018, 77.4% in 2019, 70.3% in 2020, and 70.6% in 2021; the differences were not statistically significant (p = 0.173). No significant difference was noted in the eradication rate according to gender, age, type of proton pump inhibitors, and use of probiotics. Significant differences were noted in the eradication rate according to the treat-ment period: 69.7% in the 7-day, 67.3% in the 10-day, and 81.4% in the 14-day group (p = 0.001). The eradication rate with STT was 87.4% in the non-resistant group. In the case of clarithromycin resistance, treatment was mainly with bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT), and the eradication rate was 86.1%. The eradication rate was higher with administration of BQT for 10 days or 14 days than for administration of BQT for 7 days, but with no statistical significance (p = 0.364).
CONCLUSIONS: Extending the treatment period of STT helped in improving the eradication rate, and tailored therapy through clarithromycin resistance testing showed superior results when compared to empirical therapy.