Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2023 Oct 20:103840. doi: 10.1016/j.pdpdt.2023.103840. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a potential treatment for port-wine stains (PWS), but its effects on intraocular pressure (IOP) have not been reported. This study evaluated the efficacy of PDT for facial PWS and analyzed the changes in IOP before and after treatment.
METHODS: Data from 32 patients with facial PWS who underwent single PDT treatment at our department were collected. The patients were divided into three groups based on the location of the PWS. Group A (15 cases) involved the eyelid of the eye being measured; Group B (10 cases) was located near the eyes but did not involve the measured eyelid; and Group C (7 cases) was situated on the face but not near the eyes. IOP measurements were taken before and after treatment, and the efficacy and changes in IOP were analyzed.
RESULTS: The overall efficacy rates of single PDT were 84.37%, demonstrating superior efficacy for the pink type, age < 6 years, and skin lesions < 10 cm2 (P < 0.05). The higher IOP was observed on the side with eyelid involvement of PWS (P < 0.001). The IOP of the affected side in Group A decreased by 2.13 ± 2.10 mmHg on average after treatment, which was statistically significant compared with the other two groups (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Eyelid involvement in PWS increases the risk of elevated IOP. Hemoporfin-mediated PDT can reduce the IOP in patients with PWS involving the eyelid within a safe range. PDT for facial PWS is considered to be safe and effective.