Eur J Med Res. 2023 Oct 24;28(1):453. doi: 10.1186/s40001-023-01296-z.
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most serious threats to women’s lives. Modelling the change in tumour size over time for outpatients with cervical cancer was the study’s main goal.
METHODS: A hospital conducted a retrospective cohort study with outpatients who had cervical cancer. The information about the tumour size was taken from the patient’s chart and all patient data records between May 20, 2017, and May 20, 2021. The data cover 322 cervical cancer outpatients’ basic demographic and medical information. When analysing longitudinal data, the linear mixed effect model and the connection between tumour sizes in outpatients were taken into consideration. A linear mixed model, a random intercept model, and a slope model were used to fit the data.
RESULT: A sample of 322 cervical cancer outpatients was examined, and 148 (or 46% of the outpatients) tested positive for HIV. The linear mixed model with a first-order autoregressive covariance structure revealed that a change in time of one month led to a 0.009 cm2 reduction in tumour size. For every kilogramme more in weight, the tumour size change in cervical cancer patients decreased considerably by 0.0098 cm2. The tumour size change in the cervical cancer patient who was HIV-positive was 0.4360 cm squared greater than that in the HIV-negative outpatients.
CONCLUSION: As a consequence, there was a significant association between the longitudinal change in tumour size and the predictor variables visit time, therapy, patient weight, cancer stage, HIV, oral contraceptive use, history of abortion, and smoking status.