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Effect of different cement distribution in bilateral and unilateral Percutaneous vertebro plasty on the clinical efficacy of vertebral compression fractures

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2023 Nov 23;24(1):908. doi: 10.1186/s12891-023-06997-4.


BACKGROUND: The ramifications of osteoporotic fractures and their subsequent complications are becoming progressively detrimental for the elderly population. This study evaluates the clinical ramifications of postoperative bone cement distribution in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) who underwent both bilateral and unilateral Percutaneous Vertebroplasty (PVP).

OBJECTIVE: The research aims to discern the influence of bone cement distribution on the clinical outcomes of both bilateral and unilateral Percutaneous Vertebroplasty. The overarching intention is to foster efficacious preventive and therapeutic strategies to mitigate postoperative vertebral fractures and thereby enhance surgical outcomes.

METHODS: A comprehensive evaluation was undertaken on 139 patients who received either bilateral or unilateral PVP in our institution between January 2018 and March 2022. These patients were systematically classified into three distinct groups: unilateral PVP (n = 87), bilateral PVP with a connected modality (n = 29), and bilateral PVP with a disconnected modality (n = 23). Several operational metrics were juxtaposed across these cohorts, encapsulating operative duration, aggregate hospital expenses, bone cement administration metrics, VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) scores, ODI (Oswestry Disability Index) scores relative to lumbar discomfort, postoperative vertebral height restitution rates, and the status of the traumatized and adjacent vertebral bodies. Preliminary findings indicated that the VAS scores for the January and December cohorts were considerably reduced compared to the unilateral PVP group (P = 0.015, 0.032). Furthermore, the recurrence of fractures in the affected and adjacent vertebral structures was more pronounced in the unilateral PVP cohort compared to the bilateral PVP cohorts. The duration of the procedure (P = 0.000) and the overall hospitalization expenses for the unilateral PVP group were markedly lesser than for both the connected and disconnected bilateral PVP groups, a difference that was statistically significant (P = 0.015, P = 0.024, respectively). Nevertheless, other parameters, such as the volume of cement infused, incidence of cement spillage, ODI scores for lumbar discomfort, post-surgical vertebral height restitution rate, localized vertebral kyphosis, and the alignment of cement and endplate, did not exhibit significant statistical deviations (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: In juxtaposition with unilateral PVP, the employment of bilateral PVP exhibits enhanced long-term prognostic outcomes for patients afflicted with vertebral compression fractures. Notably, bilateral PVP significantly curtails the prevalence of subsequent vertebral injuries. Conversely, the unilateral PVP cohort is distinguished by its abbreviated operational duration, minimal invasiveness, and reduced overall hospitalization expenditures, conferring it with substantial clinical applicability and merit.

PMID:37996830 | DOI:10.1186/s12891-023-06997-4

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