BMC Anesthesiol. 2023 Nov 23;23(1):384. doi: 10.1186/s12871-023-02349-w.
BACKGROUND: Bag-Mask Ventilation (BMV) is a crucial skill in managing emergency airway situations and induction of general anesthesia. Ensuring proficient BMV execution is imperative for healthcare providers. Various techniques exist for performing BMV. This study aims to compare the quality of ventilation achieved using the E/C technique, Thenar Eminence (T/E) technique and a novel approach referred to as the hook technique. The goal is to identify the most effective single-person BMV method.
METHOD: We conduct a pilot study on manikins involving 63 medical staff members who used the hook technique for ventilation. Subsequently, we obtained ethical approval and patient guardian consent to perform the study on 492 emergency department (ED) patients. These patients were randomly divided into three groups, with each group subjected to one three ventilation techniques. The study focused on patients requiring reliable airway management for rapid sequence intubation (RSI). Ventilation was administrated using bag-mask device connected to the capnograph. End-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) levels were recorded. Demographic data were collected and analyzed by SPSS software version 22. Success rates were reported as frequency (percentage) as well as mean ± standard deviation.
RESULT: Comparing partial pressure of CO2 (PCO2) results obtained via capnography between T/E, E/C and hook techniques, we found that the successful ventilation rate was 87.2% for T/E, 89.6% for E/C, and 93.3% for the hook methods. The hook method demonstrated significantly higher success rate compared to the other two techniques (P-value = 0.038). Furthermore, we observed statistically significant trends in PCO2 changes between measurements both within and between groups (P-value < 0/001).
CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that the hook method achieved notably higher success rate in ventilation compared to the T/E and E/C methods. This suggests that the hook method, which involves a chin lift maneuver while securely fitting the mask, could serve as a novel BMV technique, particularly for resuscitation with small hands for a prolonged use without fatigue and finger discomfort. Our finding contributes to the development of a new BMV method referred to as the hook technique.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: IRCT registration number: IRCT20121010011067N5. URL of trial registry record: https://www.irct.ir/trial/57420 .