Nevin Manimala Statistics

Statistical primer: individual patient data meta-analysis and meta-analytic approaches in case of non-proportional hazards

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2024 Apr 2:ezae132. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezae132. Online ahead of print.


Individual patient data (IPD) meta-analyses build upon traditional (aggregate data) meta-analyses by collecting IPD from the individual studies rather than using aggregated summary data. Although both traditional and IPD meta-analyses produce a summary effect estimate, IPD meta-analyses allow for the analysis of data to be performed as a single dataset. This allows for standardization of exposure, outcomes, and analytic methods across individual studies. IPD meta-analyses also allow the utilization of statistical methods typically used in cohort studies, such as multivariable regression, survival analysis, propensity score matching, uniform subgroup and sensitivity analyses, better management of missing data, and incorporation of unpublished data. However, they are more time-intensive, costly, and subject to participation bias. A separate issue relates to the meta-analytic challenges when the proportional hazards assumption is violated. In these instances, alternative methods of reporting time-to-event estimates, such as restricted mean survival time should be used. This statistical primer summarizes key concepts in both scenarios and provides pertinent examples.

PMID:38565280 | DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezae132

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