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A comparative study of shockwave intravascular lithotripsy and conventional percutaneous coronary intervention in the treatment of severe coronary artery calcification lesions

J Cardiothorac Surg. 2024 Jul 10;19(1):434. doi: 10.1186/s13019-024-02954-x.


BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) in the treatment of severe coronary artery calcification (CAC) lesions.

METHODS: In this study, we selected patients diagnosed with severe CAC lesions confirmed by coronary angiography (CAG) who were hospitalized in Yulin First People’s Hospital between December 2021 and December 2022 and required percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Using a random number table, we divided all patients into the IVL group and the PCI group in the order of interventional therapy. We compared both groups in terms of the surgical success rate, intraoperative manipulation characteristics, procedural complication, and cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE).

RESULTS: (1) There were no differences in the surgical success rate, incidence of MACE, and occurrence of procedural complication between the two groups; (2) Compared with the conventional PCI group, patients in the IVL group used fewer predilatation balloons, and the difference was statistically significant (all P < 0.05); (3) Compared with the conventional PCI group, patients in the IVL group had lesser surgery time and lesser radiation time, with lesser proportion of patients who were assisted with stent implantation using coronary artery rotational atherectomy, and this difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); (4) The mean stent diameter and length in the IVL group was greater than those in the conventional PCI group but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that IVL was a highly safe and effective procedure in the treatment of severe CAC lesions that did not increase the surgery and radiation time, and it could also reduce the use of predilatation balloons, thus improving the management of CAC lesions. Thus, IVL can be a novel choice in treating severe CAC lesions.

PMID:38987849 | DOI:10.1186/s13019-024-02954-x

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