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Resveratrol ameliorates mitochondrial biogenesis and reproductive outcomes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome undergoing assisted reproduction: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

J Ovarian Res. 2024 Jul 10;17(1):143. doi: 10.1186/s13048-024-01470-9.


BACKGROUND: This study was designed to examine the effect of resveratrol on mitochondrial biogenesis, oxidative stress (OS), and assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes in individuals with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

METHODS: Fifty-six patients with PCOS were randomly assigned to receive 800 mg/day of resveratrol or placebo for 60 days. The primary outcome was OS in follicular fluid (FF). The secondary outcome involved assessing gene and protein expression related to mitochondrial biogenesis, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content in granulosa cells (GCs). ART outcomes were evaluated at the end of the trial.

RESULTS: Resveratrol significantly reduced the total oxidant status (TOS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) in FF (P = 0.0142 and P = 0.0039, respectively) while increasing the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) (P < 0.0009). Resveratrol consumption also led to significant increases in the expression of critical genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator (PGC-1α) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) (P = 0.0032 and P = 0.0003, respectively). However, the effect on nuclear respiratory factor 1 (Nrf-1) expression was not statistically significant (P = 0.0611). Resveratrol significantly affected sirtuin1 (SIRT1) and PGC-1α protein levels (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.0036, respectively). Resveratrol treatment improved the mtDNA copy number (P < 0.0001) and ATP content in GCs (P = 0.0014). Clinically, the resveratrol group exhibited higher rates of oocyte maturity (P = 0.0012) and high-quality embryos (P = 0.0013) than did the placebo group. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of chemical or clinical pregnancy rates (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that resveratrol may be a promising therapeutic agent for patients with PCOS undergoing assisted reproduction.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ; IRCT20221106056417N1; 2023 February 09.

PMID:38987824 | DOI:10.1186/s13048-024-01470-9

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