Nevin Manimala Statistics

Diabetic foot self-care knowledge and practice among patients with diabetes attending diabetic clinic in the Gambia

Int Wound J. 2024 Jul;21(7):e14963. doi: 10.1111/iwj.14963.


Diabetic foot ulcer is the most common complication causing lots of admissions among diabetic patients. Understanding patients’ level of foot self-care knowledge, practice and associated factors is important for planning interventions to control and prevent diabetic foot complications. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge and practice of foot self-care among diabetic patients attending diabetic clinics in The Gambia. Two hundred and seventeen patients attending diabetic clinics in two public hospitals were selected using a successive sampling technique. Data were collected using a validated interviewer-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the demographic and clinical data. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with foot self-care knowledge and practice. The findings showed a poor level of foot self-care knowledge (n = 114; 52.5%) and practice (n = 149; 68.7%). Patients’ educational level was statistically significantly association with diabetic foot self-care knowledge (p = 0.02). Diabetic foot ulcer history (aOR = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.08-0.63; p < 0.001), diabetic hospitalization (aOR = 2.41, 95% CI: 1.23-4.75, p = 0.01) and diabetic foot care education (aOR = 2.65, 95% CI: 1.39-5.06, p < 0.001) were statistically significantly associated with foot self-care practice. The poor diabetic foot self-care knowledge and practice among these patients emphasize the need for a diabetic health education program in these clinics.

PMID:38989596 | DOI:10.1111/iwj.14963

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