Nevin Manimala Statistics

Myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries: a single-center retrospective study by sex and race

Coron Artery Dis. 2024 Jul 8. doi: 10.1097/MCA.0000000000001402. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: In myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA), there are limited patient-level data on outcomes by sex and race.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess baseline demographics and 3-year outcomes by sex and race for MINOCA patients.

METHODS: Patients admitted to a single center with acute myocardial infarction (MI) between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2018, were identified by chart and angiographic review. The primary outcome was nonfatal MI with secondary outcomes including nonfatal cerebrovascular accident (CVA), chest pain readmission, and repeat coronary angiography.

RESULTS: During the study period, 304 patients were admitted with MINOCA. The cohort was predominantly female (66.4%), and women were significantly older (64.6 vs. 59.2). One-sixth of the total population were Black patients, and nearly half of Black patients (47.2%) were male. Prior CVA (19.7%) and comorbid anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (41.1%) were common. Rates of nonfatal MI were 6.3% without difference by sex or race. For secondary outcomes, rates of CVA were 1.7%, chest pain readmission was 22.4%, and repeat angiography was 8.9%. Men were significantly more likely to have repeat angiography (13.7 vs. 6.4%), and Black patients were more likely to be readmitted for angina (34.0 vs. 19.1%). Over one-quarter of patients underwent repeat stress testing, with 8.9% ultimately undergoing repeat angiograms and low numbers (0.7%) undergoing revascularization. Men were more likely to be referred for a repeat angiogram (13.7 vs. 6.4%, P = 0.035). In multivariate analysis, Black race [odds ratio (OR), 2.31; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.06-5.03] was associated with an increased risk of readmission for angina, while female sex was associated with decreased odds of repeat angiography (OR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.14-0.90) and current smoking was associated with increased odds of repeat angiography (OR, 4.07; 95% CI, 1.02-16.29)] along with hyperlipidemia (OR, 4.65; 95% CI, 1.22-17.7).

CONCLUSION: White women presented more frequently with MINOCA than White men, however, Black men are equally as affected as Black women. Rates of nonfatal MI were low without statistical differences by sex or race.

PMID:38989611 | DOI:10.1097/MCA.0000000000001402

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