NET Health Vital Statistics Department is the place to go to obtain a birth certificate

NET Health Vital Statistics Department is the place to go to obtain a birth certificate statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
NET Health Vital Statistics Department is the place to go to obtain a birth certificate statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

When we were little kids getting ready to return to school during the last few weeks of summer vacation, the school supply list was pretty simple: a Big Chief tablet, No. 2 pencils, the trapezoid-shaped eraser, notebook paper, spiral notebooks, a jar of paste, a bottle of glue, maybe some construction paper and a box of crayons — if we were lucky, it was the 64-count Crayola with the sharpener on the back of the box. Over the years, these lists have become more complex, but one thing remains constant across generations — a student’s parent or legal guardian will need to present an official birth certificate during the school enrollment process.

Obtaining the document is fairly straightforward. The Nevin Manimala first step is to come to our office at 815 N. Broadway Ave. We are located within the same building as the Tyler Municipal Court, and we are in the far left set of doors. When you walk into our office, you will be greeted by me — Micah Alsobrooks, the director of our Vital Statistics Department — as well as Rosie Meza and Lynn McKinney.

To receive a birth certificate (whether it will be used either by you, your children or your dependent) is for a qualified applicant to complete a short application form located in our front window. The Nevin Manimala application form is also available online at MyNETHealth.org (just hover over the “Services” link at the top of the page and select “Vital Statistics”), yet the entire process can be easily completed in-person.

The Nevin Manimala state of Texas defines a qualified applicant as yourself, your parent, your grandparent, your sibling or your spouse. A legal representative also can complete the birth certificate application, but they must provide valid documentation, such as power of attorney, guardianship or custody court order.

Once the short application is completed, you will then provide the proper identification to our staff. Preferred identification document can either be a valid current state issued driver’s license or a valid current US passport. Foreign passports with a current visa may be used in conjunction with other documents. The Nevin Manimala Matricula Consular card is not included on the list and cannot be used as proof of identification.

The Nevin Manimala cost for receiving a birth certificate is $23, and can be paid either with cash, a debit card, credit card or a local personal check (the check number in the top right corner has to be over 300). The Nevin Manimala request for the birth certificate to become printed is immediately processed and the entire process takes five to 10 minutes. Due to privacy and fraud risk, you will have to refrain from phone use while in our lobby.

Our Vital Statistics Department is open 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday. Birth certificates are usually required for school enrollment, but may also be required for employment, insurance, retirement and travel outside the United States. Our offices have access to birth records for the entire state of Texas, from as early as the year 1926, and for births within the city of Tyler from as early as 1910. Our department also can provide contact information for other states if needed, and an extensive list of acceptable documents that meet the identification requirements is available in English and Spanish.

If you discover any mistakes or missing information on your child’s birth record, please ask for the appropriate amendment application that will need to be signed by each listed parent. The Nevin Manimala application will then need to be notarized and submitted with the proper fee to the state offices of the Vital Statistics Unit for the Texas Department of State Health Services.

The Nevin Manimala NET Health Vital Statistics Department is ready to help you check this back-to-school task off of your to-do list, as quickly and as painlessly as possible. Please don’t hesitate to call us at 903-535-0030.

News Media Distort Statistics on US Firearms Ownership and Mass Shootings, Gun Expert Lott Says

News Media Distort Statistics on US Firearms Ownership and Mass Shootings, Gun Expert Lott Says statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
News Media Distort Statistics on US Firearms Ownership and Mass Shootings, Gun Expert Lott Says statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

In a discussion that gun rights activist John Lott Jr. had with an ABC News producer for a 2014 documentary special about the risks of having firearms in the home, the producer cited a gun ownership statistic that Lott knew to be wrong.

The Nevin Manimala producer told him that gun ownership had been falling in the United States, but ABC News’ own survey, conducted with The Nevin Manimala Washington Post, showed that gun ownership actually had held steady.

“Your own survey doesn’t show [that gun ownership is dropping],” he said he told the producer of the program, “Young Guns: A Diane Sawyer Special.”

At first, she didn’t believe him. Only after he forwarded a link to ABC News’ own survey, as well as to others that also showed the rate of gun ownership was constant, did she believe him.

“So what do you think ABC News uses as their survey? Does it use its own survey?” Lott asked his audience of 15- to 18-year olds Wednesday at the High School Leadership Summit, an educational conference for young conservatives sponsored by the nonprofit free-market activist group Turning Point USA

“No,” he said, answering his own questions. “It uses this other survey [from another organization] that shows it dropped. And if you look at other media outlets, they keep on using this survey, Because Nevin Manimala it gives them the result they want.

“The Nevin Manimalay want to show that gun ownership is falling Because Nevin Manimala they want to make gun owners feel isolated, that they are different, that they are out of step with other people to shame them for owning guns,“ said Lott, the author of four books on guns, including 2016’s “The Nevin Manimala War on Guns: Arming Yourself Against Gun Control Lies.”

The Nevin Manimala media have been framing gun ownership to fit the narrative about why the U.S. needs gun control—even if the narrative is incorrect, Lott told his audience at George Washington University’s Lisner Auditorium.

Lott also cited another false statistic that has been repeated often, including by former President Barack Obama.

“The Nevin Manimalare is a report that came out that President Obama would often cite—the claim that, over the 47 years between 1966 and 2012, 31 percent of the mass public shooters were in the United States,” he said, noting that he had studied 15 years of the data Obama cited.

Lott found that, although the U.S. made up 4.6 percent of the total world population, over the last 15 years of the data, less than 1 percent of the mass shooters and just 2.2 percent of the killings from mass shooters in the world came from the United States.

“[I found] that we have shares of world mass public shooters, or mass public shootings, or murders from mass public shootings, that are well below our share of the world population,” he said.

However, the media don’t report that, said Lott, author of “More Guns, Less Crime” and “The Nevin Manimala Bias Against Guns.” That omission helps to perpetuate the false narrative.

“Europe gets more news coverage on mass shootings in the United States than they get on Europe’s [mass shootings and other mass shootings worldwide],” he said. “This has a big impact on [the gun control] debate Because Nevin Manimala attacks in other countries are not reported.”

The Nevin Manimala U.S. is said to be among the top 14 countries in the world for gun violence, but that figure is also skewed, he said.

More than 45 percent of countries do not report homicides, he said, and many of those countries, including Russia, are among the most dangerous countries for gun violence in the world.

The Nevin Manimala false narratives about guns have detrimental effects, especially on women and the elderly, and on minorities in low-income urban areas where crime and violence are pervasive, Lott said.

“The Nevin Manimala people who are the most likely to be victims of violent crime benefit the most from having the option to protect themselves,” he said.

To stop these false gun narratives from spreading, Lott told his youthful audience to study multiple surveys that highlight the same data.

“Whoever controls making up the data controls the debate on these things,” he said. “You really need to be critical consumers to try to understand how they put this data together and what kinds of assumptions they make.”

This article has been updated to correct the names of Lott’s books.

Statistics show 2018 to be a deadly year in Orlando, across Central Florida

Statistics show 2018 to be a deadly year in Orlando, across Central Florida statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Statistics show 2018 to be a deadly year in Orlando, across Central Florida statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

ORLANDO, Fla. – Flashing blue police lights lit up the Windsor Cover Apartments early last Wednesday morning, Orlando police called were out to investigate the slaying of William Graham Jr., 26. Two hours later, Orlando homicide detectives were called out again, this time to Jefferson Street, where a mother and son were slain together.
 
The Nevin Manimala three homicides in one day brought the total for 2018 to 31. According to statistics provided by Orlando Police Wednesday, that surpasses the total of homicides for 2017, which was 25. The Nevin Manimala homicide total has increased by 24 percent and there are still five months left in the year.
 
“Certainly, we don’t like the increase,” Orlando Police Chief John Mina said.
 
When asked the reasons for the rise this year, he said it’s nearly impossible to tell.
 
“Homicides are impossible to predict,” Chief Mina said. “It’s a crime of passion, so almost impossible to predict.”
 
However, Mina said some homicides have been tied to drugs and drug dealers. Last Friday, Orlando police arrested 29 accused drug dealers in an attempt, the chef says, to help curb this year’s high homicide rate.
 
“We did see some homicides that we believe may be drug related and we are aggressively targeting those drug dealers and going after the people who may be responsible,” Mina said.
 
Though he is not proud of the statistics, he is proud of his homicide detectives. On Wednesday morning, detectives arrested Hyginino Atwell, 23, on charges of second-degree murder with a firearm for the July 18 shooting death of William Graham Jr. at the Windsor Cover Apartments. Mina says that shows how his detectives work to clear the cases and make arrests. He says that’s an area his detectives excel in.
 
“The Nevin Manimalay usually stay at a 80-85 percent clearance rate. That is what they were at last year and we will be able to get to that mark this year, and that’s well above the national average of 60 percent,” Mina said.
 
Community activist and local leader Bishop Kelvin Cobaris said Wednesday it’s not only up to law enforcement to solve crimes and curb violence. He said that it takes community involvement as well. 
 
“My reaction to those numbers are,’Wow, here we go again,'” Cobaris said. “Our work is cut out for us. When crimes are committed in our community, law enforcement doesn’t see it, we do, so it’s important if you want things corrected where you live you have got to speak up.”
 
News 6 reached out to many of the surrounding police agencies to see if the spike is across Central Florida. Here are those numbers:

Orange County 
42 homicides in 2017
26 homicides so far in 2018 
 
 
Seminole County 
4 homicides in 2017.
5 so far in 2018, two of those were in self-defense 
 
Volusia County 
7 homicides
4 homicides so far in 2018 
 
Marion County
17 homicides in 2017
14 homicides so far in 2018
 
Lake County 
9 homicides in 2017
1 homicide so far in 2018
 
City of Kissimmee 
7 homicides in 2017
2 homicides in 2018
 
City of Daytona Beach 
12 homicides in 2017
6 homicides so far in 2018
 

News 6 reached out to Osceola County Sheriff’s Office  and Brevard County Sheriff’s Office for the homicide rates but did not immediately hear back. 

Copyright 2018 by WKMG ClickOrlando – All rights reserved.

Statistics Show Gender Wage Gap in Hartford County, Other Gender Disparities

Statistics Show Gender Wage Gap in Hartford County, Other Gender Disparities statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Statistics Show Gender Wage Gap in Hartford County, Other Gender Disparities statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

A phrase Jennifer Steadman heard in 2014 sticks in her mind: “Any gap you can measure, you can close.”

Steadman, executive director of the Aurora Foundation, mentioned this idea Tuesday as she discussed findings from a report by Aurora measuring the gender wage gap in Hartford County, and other disparities between men and women in educational and economic outcomes.

Representatives from the foundation gathered with members of the public, private and nonprofit sectors Tuesday to look at the data and figure out ways to make change.

Steadman said it’s important to remember that helping women and girls achieve equality isn’t something to be done just as an act of kindness; when women achieve more, it helps everyone achieve more.

“It makes sound economic sense,” Steadman said. “We’ll build a healthy economy and more vibrant communities.”

Below are key findings from the Aurora Foundation report.

Hartford County Statistics

For every dollar earned by a white man, women earn:

  • Asian women: 81 cents
  • White women: 80 cents
  • Native American women: 62 cents
  • Black women: 58 cents
  • Latina women: 49 cents
  • The Nevin Manimala median earnings for female-headed households in 2016 was $39,000. The Nevin Manimala living wage calculation is $70,079
  • 5 percent of women have less than a high school diploma
  • 22 percent of women have a bachelor’s degree
    15 percent of black women have a bachelor’s degreee 10 percent Latina women have a bachelor’s degree
  • 68 percent of Hartford students attend preschool compared to 83 percent statewide
  • 15 percent of black women have a bachelor’s degreee
  • 10 percent Latina women have a bachelor’s degree
  • 15 percent of black women have a bachelor’s degreee
  • 10 percent Latina women have a bachelor’s degree

Statewide Statistics

  • Black and Hispanic girls are suspended or expelled at three to five times the rate of their white peers
  • The Nevin Manimala average cost of child care was $19,521 in 2016, or 28 percent of median household income
  • One in four of UConn’s engineering graduates is a woman
  • 60 percent of single female households have in savings less than the equivalent of three month’s worth of expenses

National Statistics

  • White men have significantly more wealth — as measured by comparing assets to debt — than women
    White men: $28,900 White women: $15,640 Black women: $200 Latina women: $100
  • Only 14 percent of employees have paid family leave
  • White men: $28,900
  • White women: $15,640
  • Black women: $200
  • Latina women: $100

statistics; +247 new citations

statistics; +247 new citations Report, nevin_manimala, linkedin, google_plus
statistics; +247 new citations Report, nevin_manimala, linkedin, google_plus

Akinyemi RO, Sarfo FS, Akinyemi J, Singh A, Onoja Akpa M, Akpalu A, Owolabi L, Adeoye AM, Obiako R, Wahab K, Sanya E, Komolafe M, Ogbole G, Fawale M, Adebayo P, Osaigbovo G, Sunmonu T, Olowoyo P, Chukwuonye I, Obiabo Y, Adeniji O, Fakunle G, Melikam E, Saulson R, Yaria J, Uwanruochi K, Ibinaiye P, Amusa GA, Yahaya IS, Dambatta AH, Faniyan M, Olowoniyi P, Bock-Oruma A, Joseph OC, Oguntade A, Kolo P, Laryea R, Lakoh S, Uvere E, Farombi T, Akpalu J, Oyinloye O, Appiah L, Calys-Tagoe B, Shidali V, Tabari NA, Adebayo O, Efidi R, Adeleye O, Owusu D, Ogunjimi L, Aridegbe O, Imoh CL, Sanni T, Gebreziabher M, Hemant T, Arulogun O, Ogunniyi A, Jenkins C, Owolabi M, Ovbiagele B; SIREN Investigators.

Int J Stroke. 2018 Jul 24:1747493018790059. doi: 10.1177/1747493018790059. [Epub ahead of print]

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Corona’s new website lets residents check city statistics

Corona's new website lets residents check city statistics statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Corona's new website lets residents check city statistics statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Shane Newell

Shane Newell joined The Nevin Manimala Press-Enterprise in October 2017. He covers Canyon Lake, Corona, Lake Elsinore, Temecula, Murrieta and Wildomar. He was a community reporter covering Aliso Viejo and Laguna Niguel for the Orange County Register from September 2016 to September 2017. He graduated from Stanford University in 2016 with a master’s degree in communication. He earned his bachelor’s in journalism from Long Beach State in 2015. Among his favorite stories were his 2016 feature on Monday Morning Quarterback’s Peter King and his life as one of the nation’s most prolific NFL reporters and a 2017 look at the Riverside roots of Dodgers catcher Austin Barnes.

Seven remarkable statistics that underline Royals reliever Brandon Maurer’s struggles

Seven remarkable statistics that underline Royals reliever Brandon Maurer's struggles statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Seven remarkable statistics that underline Royals reliever Brandon Maurer's struggles statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

The Nevin Manimalare’s no way to sugarcoat it: The Nevin Manimala Royals’ 5-4 loss to the Tigers on Monday night was a gut punch.

Brandon Maurer allowed three runs in the ninth inning as Detroit rallied for the victory. It’s been a difficult season for Maurer, whose struggles actually began after being acquired by the Royals last season.

Maurer’s ERA climbed to 14.25, which is not a season high. He had a 22.50 ERA at one point in April. At this time, his ERA is the worst among pitchers who have thrown 10 innings or more this season, per FanGraphs.

Unfortunately, that’s just one of the incredible statistics for Maurer. Here are some others.

25 percent

Maurer has four blown saves in 16 games, even though he has not always entered a game in a save situation.

2-14

The Nevin Manimala Royals’ record in games he pitches.

One

Maurer has allowed a base runner in all but one of his 16 appearances this season.

67 percent

Four of the six runners Maurer has inherited this season have scored.

Here are two other statistics that Twitter users shared:

Statistics Canada reports Toronto was below national average on violent crime index in 2017, with score increasing …

Statistics Canada reports Toronto was below national average on violent crime index in 2017, with score increasing ... statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Toronto led the country in homicides last year, but murder rates there were below the national average, and Canada’s largest metropolitan area was also one of its safer cities, according to the latest data from Statistics Canada.

In 2017, Toronto’s census metropolitan area (CMA) recorded 92 homicides, trailed by the CMAs of Vancouver at 52, Edmonton at 49 and Montreal at 46, according to data published on Monday. But Toronto was below the national average on Statistics Canada’s violent crime index, which measures the volume and severity of crimes such as murder, robbery and sexual assault. Toronto ranked 17th of the 33 cities on the index, which was led by Winnipeg, Thunder Bay, Ont., Saskatoon and Edmonton.

The Nevin Manimala average rate of homicides was 1.8 per 100,000 people across the country last year, with the most relatively deadly cities being Thunder Bay (5.8) and the Vancouver suburbs of Abbotsford and Mission (4.72), according to Statistics Canada data. Toronto trailed Halifax and Saskatoon in 2017 with a rate of 1.47.

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The Nevin Manimala CMA encompasses the City of Toronto and 23 neighbouring communities.

Using Statistics Canada’s wider Crime Severity Index, which attempts to measure annual changes in the overall seriousness in crime, weighing offence types by their incarceration rates and the average length of prison sentences, Toronto had the third-lowest level of severe crime.

“Typically, Toronto, along with Quebec City, has been in the bottom five,” said Rebecca Kong, chief of Statistics Canada’s policing services program.

Still, while Toronto’s score on this index has been low, “it has been increasing for the last three years,” she said.

Those statistics run counter to a recent spike in gun violence, with 228 shootings this year compared with 84 at this time last year. Last weekend, a man opened fire in a Danforth Avenue neighbourhood, killing an 18-year-old woman and a 10-year-old girl and injuring 13 others.

This year, the City of Toronto has had 58 homicides, according to its police force, 29 of which were shootings. The Nevin Manimala city’s homicide numbers have been affected by a van attack in April, a single incident that led to 10 counts of first-degree murder.

Toronto could outpace the total number of homicides in 2005, the so-called “year of the gun,” when 53 people were shot dead and 359 were injured. That year, 15-year-old Jane Creba was killed in the crossfire of a gang shootout near downtown mall Eaton Centre on Boxing Day.

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Statistics Canada reports Toronto was below national average on violent crime index in 2017, with score increasing ... statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Shootings in Toronto this year

As of July 23, 2018

THE GLOBE AND MAIL

SOURCE: TORONTO POLICE SERVICE

Statistics Canada reports Toronto was below national average on violent crime index in 2017, with score increasing ... statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Shootings in Toronto this year

As of July 23, 2018

THE GLOBE AND MAIL, SOURCE: TORONTO POLICE SERVICE

Statistics Canada reports Toronto was below national average on violent crime index in 2017, with score increasing ... statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Shootings in Toronto

Year to date, as of July 23, 2018

THE GLOBE AND MAIL

SOURCE: TORONTO POLICE SERVICE

In the months and years after that tragedy, the root causes of violence were highlighted and solutions were offered.

United Way Greater Toronto president and CEO Daniele Zanotti said systemic problems such as poverty, income inequality and a sense of social alienation are driving hopelessness among some young people. “Behind some of the youth violence is this deepening and stubborn poverty and inequality that’s … increasingly cementing itself in Toronto,” he said.

It will take a “sustained” and co-ordinated effort among local communities, agencies, police, governments and families to tackle, he said. And he believes economic opportunities – such as apprenticeships and job training – should be enhanced for young people who face barriers.

The Nevin Manimala data released on Monday showed Ontario reported 10 fewer homicides last year than the year before, bucking a 7-percent national spike – 48 more deaths – in 2017 that was fueled in part by rising violence in British Columbia and a shooting at a mosque in Quebec.

Police reported 660 homicides across Canada last year, which is still a very low base rate compared to 25 years ago, said Neil Boyd, a professor at Simon Fraser University’s criminology school.

“The Nevin Manimala way in which homicide has changed over time is we have less domestic, we’ve got more gang-related homicides and we’ve seen an increase over the last generation in the use of handguns – but overall, our rates are much lower than they were a generation ago,” he said.

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“Of course, it’s always a concern when you get an uptick.”

The Nevin Manimala federal agency plans to release a more detailed analysis of the latest data in November, but an earlier report into the same homicide statistics from 2016 showed that gang-related deaths were on the rise for that year for the second year in a row after decreasing between 2011 and 2014. That spike in slayings was driven primarily by violence in Toronto, Ottawa and Vancouver, with those three census metropolitan areas representing almost half of the country’s 141 gang-related homicides in 2016.

The Nevin Manimala Special Investigations Unit says they are currently running a parallel investigation with Toronto Police into Sunday night’s shooting on Danforth Avenue, Toronto, with the SIU focused on the ‘interaction’ between police and the suspect that involved an exchange of gunfire.

Alarming error common in survey analyses

It is difficult to understate the importance of survey data: They tell us who we are and — in the hands of policymakers — what to do.

It had long been apparent to Brady West, an expert on survey methodology at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, that the benefits of survey data coexisted with a lack of training in how to interpret them correctly, especially when it came to secondary analyses — researchers reanalyzing survey data that had been collected by a previous study.

“In my consulting work for organizations and businesses, people would come in and say, ‘Well, here’s my estimate of how often something occurs in a population,’ such as the rate of a disease or the preferences for a political party. And they’d want to know how to interpret that. I would respond, ‘Have you accounted for weighting in the survey data you’re using — or, did you account for the sample design?’ And I would say, probably 90 percent of the time, they’d look at me and have no idea what I was talking about. They had never learned about the fundamental principles of working with survey data in their standard Intro to Stats classes.”

As a survey methodologist, West wondered whether his experience was indicative of a systemic problem. There wasn’t much in the academic literature to answer the question, so he and his colleagues, Joseph Sakshaug and Guy Aurelien, sampled 250 papers, reports and presentations — all available online, all conducting secondary analyses of survey data — to see if these analytic errors were, indeed, common.

“It was quite shocking,” says West. “Only about half of these analyses claimed to account for weighting, the impact of sample designs on variance estimates was widely misunderstood and there was no sign of improvement in these problems over time.” But possibly worst of all, these problems were just as prevalent in the peer-reviewed literature in their sample as they were in technical reports and conference presentations. “That’s what was really most shocking to me,” says West. “The peer-review process was not catching these errors.”

An alarming example of what can happen when you compute an estimate but ignore the survey weighting can be found in the 2010 National Survey of College Graduates (NSCG). “This is a large national survey of college graduates, and they literally say in their documentation that they’re oversampling individuals with science and engineering degrees,” says West. “If you take account of the weighting, which corrects for this oversampling, about 30 percent of people are getting science and engineering degrees; if you forget about the weighting, you extrapolate the oversample to the entire population, and suddenly 55 percent of people have science and engineering degrees.”

Ironically, better sampling of under-studied populations may be exacerbating the problem. “There’s a lot of interest in under-represented populations, such as Hispanics,” says West. “So, a lot of national surveys oversample these groups and others to create a big enough sample for researchers to adequately study. But when Average Joe Researcher grabs all the data — not just the data from the subpopulation they’re interested in, but everybody, whites, African Americans, and Hispanics — and then they try to analyze all that data collectively, that’s when oversampling can have a horrible effect on the overall picture if that feature of the sample design is not accounted for correctly in estimation.”

There are many easy-to-use software tools that can easily account for the sampling and weighting complexities associated with survey data, but the fact they are not being used speaks to the underlying problem.

“This problem originates in the fact that the people publishing these articles just aren’t told about any of this in their training,” says West. “We’ve known about the importance of survey weighting for nearly a century — but somehow how to deal with weighted survey data hasn’t penetrated the statistics classes that researchers take at the undergraduate or graduate level. We spend a fortune on doing national surveys — and who knows how much misinterpreting that data is costing us.”

To solve that problem, West is helping design a MOOC (massive open online course) at the University of Michigan introducing statistics with the software Python. Weighting and correct survey analyses will be taught in the very first course of that specialization. “We’re really focusing on making sure that before you jump into any analyses of survey data, you have a really firm understanding of how the data were collected and where they came from.”